Chronic diseases, markers contribute to 20% of new cancer cases

A prospective cohort study of more than 400,000 men and women shows that five common chronic diseases and their markers contributed to one fifth...

Factors identified that impact physicians IT adoption

Physicians have considerable concerns about the efficacy and evidence base of health information technology (IT), according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA). Noting...

Study links childhood kidney disease history to ESRD risk in adulthood

A history of childhood kidney disease is associated with increased risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in adulthood, a study published in the Feb....

Deaths from liver cancer nearly double since the 1990s, new figures...

Over the last two decades, deaths caused by liver cancer have increased by 80%, making it one of the fastest-growing causes of cancer deaths worldwide. According to...

Evidence supports ‘weekend effect’ for mortality after surgery

As for other types of medical care, surgery appears to be prone to a significant "weekend effect"— with higher odds of death when surgery...

Sleep duration, cycle linked to childhood body weight

related eating behaviours and childhood body weight, according to a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Special Conference “Obesity and Cancer:...

Surgery patients in ERAS programme leave hospital sooner, take fewer opioids

Colorectal and bariatric surgery patients benefited from an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programne, leaving the hospital sooner and requiring fewer opioids to control pain, according...

Simple breathing training with a physiotherapist pre-surgery prevents postop pneumonia

Pneumonia, and other serious lung complications, after major abdominal surgery were halved when patients were seen by a physiotherapist before surgery and taught breathing exercises that...

Dietary fibre protects against obesity, metabolic syndrome

Consumption of dietary fibre can prevent obesity, metabolic syndrome and adverse changes in the intestine by promoting growth of "good" bacteria in the colon. Georgia...

Eight cancers could be diagnosed with single blood test

Considerable media coverage was given at the weekend to news of a blood test shown to have the potential to identify eight cancer types...

Ultrasound-measured liver stiffness may predict mortality risk in HF patients

As a proxy for liver congestion, liver stiffness measured with ultrasound elastography has important prognostic value among patients with heart failure, a Japanese study...

Weight-loss procedures lead to higher pain thresholds

Weight loss following bariatric surgery was associated with improvements in pain sensitization among obese patients with chronic knee pain, a year-long study found. One year...

Listeriosis outbreak death toll rises to 81

The death toll from the listeriosis outbreak in the country has risen to 81. This has been confirmed in the National Institute for Communicable Diseases’ latest...

SASA Congress 2018: Close of early registration

Healthcare professionals who want to attend this year’s congress of the South African Society of Anaesthesiologists has until Saturday 20 January to make use of the...

Bariatric surgery prolongs lifespan in obese

Obese, middle-age men and women who had bariatric surgery have half the death rate of those who had traditional medical treatment over a 10-year period, reports...

Study ties processed meat intake to increased breast cancer risk

Consumption of processed meat may increase the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women, a large-scale study by researchers at the University of Glasgow...

Bacteria genetically modified to create ultrasound-detectable noise

Ultrasound can now track bacteria in the body as sonar detects submarines. For the first time, researchers have genetically modified microbes to form gas-filled pouches...

Overscreening for some cancers can lead to overtreatment, skewed data

An accepted downside of cancer screening is that it often flags cancers that pose no risk, leading to over-diagnosis and unnecessary treatment. However,  widespread...